1848: Georg Merck discovers papaverine
Back in 1848, while working on his doctorate as a student of Justus von Liebig in Giessen, Georg Merck (center) had discovered the alkaloid papaverine, the spasm-reducing effect of which on the smooth muscles would be described 50 years later.
Excerpt from the partnership agreement, 1850
The sons participate in this as "associés with an equal share of the gain and loss in the pharmacy and factory". The company previously managed and run by one person becomes an enterprise with multiple partners.
1851: Emanuel Merck gives an extensive guarantee for the quality of his products
“I guarantee you consistent purity of my preparations and will compensate you for any loss arising from an impure preparation,” he writes to a customer in 1851 as evidenced by the correspondence notebook. This pronounced sense of quality received numerous distinctions.
1853: First proof of a site physician: Excerpt from a standard contract
Evidence of a company physician exists since 1853, 13 years earlier than at BASF. A company suggestion program, sick pay, and initial pension benefit approaches are established.
In 1853, E. Merck Darmstadt, Germany, is represented at a World’s Fair for the first time
E. Merck, Darmstadt, Germany, receives a distinction for its alkaloids at the World’s Fair in New York. Further prizes follow on taking part in the exhibitions in 1880 in Melbourne, 1893 in Chicago or 1904 in St. Louis. The company name stands for “purity and reliability” to this very day.