A successful history

historical photos
We are the oldest pharmaceutical and chemical company in the world. Our roots date back to the year 1668.
In order to share and document the company's history, we offer access to external visitors and researchers to the following resources at the site premises: 

Archive and historical library

Sources include about 2,000 meters of hand-written and printed archive material, such as letters, contracts, patents, laboratory journals, manufacturing specifications and advertisements. The oldest documents are about 400 years old. There are over 150,000 photos and films illustrating the last 150 years of corporate history.
The reference library contains more than 8,000 books and an extensive collection of journals. There is an extremely wide variety of topics, ranging from recipe and herb books of the 15th century to expert literature on corporate strategy of the 21st century.

Museum and event rooms

The museum, which features a well-stocked exhibition, the history of the company is presented as a precondition for today's success. It makes day-to-day activities in a company understandable – starting with the work in the pharmacy and industrial research, production and administration all the way to company sports, the cafeteria or the daycare center.
In addition, rooms are available for lectures small symposia and educational  museum events.
1668 Friedrich Jacob Merck acquires the Angel Pharmacy ("Engel-Apotheke")
1741 Johann Heinrich Merck, Goethe's friend, is born
1827 Emanuel Merck: from a pharmacy trade to a research-based industrial company
1888 Comparative chemical analysis with "guaranteed pure reagents"
1900 The company is represented on all continents
1904 First list of finished medicinal products; Substances with liquid crystalline properties available
1917 U.S. subsidiary Merck & Co. expropriated - independent ever since
1920 For the first time, non-family members join the executive management
1945 Loss of subsidiaries abroad, in Darmstadt new start from the ruins
1971 Firm re-establishement in the United States – after Asia and Latin America
1995 Establishment of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, public listing
2003 Erbitux®: Entry into targeted cancer therapy
2007 Serono acquisition, divestment of Generics, capital increase, admission to the DAX®
2010 Millipore acquisition


Publication of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany.
In the United States and Canada the subsidiaries of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany, operate under the umbrella brand EMD.


Corporate History
Frankfurter Straße 250
64293 Darmstadt
Tel.: +49 (0)6151 72-2029
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