Basics of pigment technology
Play with light
Few things are as versatile and colorful as pearlescent pigments.Thanks to their particular layered structure, light is reflected at different levels in the pigment. The reflected waves interfere with each other, causing amplification or cancellation. Depending on the structure of the layers in each case, this effect creates the brilliant interference color that gives the pigments their unique character.
Other pigment types
The effects pigments industry uses three key pigment classes: absorption pigments, metal effect pigments, and pearlescent pigments. We are familiar with absorption pigments from watercolor paints, for example. They represent "true" colors, as they absorb part of the light that hits them and scatter the rest. This phenomenon gives them their own body color. In contrast, silver metal effect pigments reflect almost all the light like lots of tiny mirrors. This gives them their great surface luster, which is sometimes considered dazzling.