There is no one field of research tackling the scarcity of resources. Indeed, research in almost every area of science, from atmospheric physics to Artificial Intelligence could profoundly shape how we maintain Earth’s natural resources, and reduce humanity’s impact. The below gives a quick snapshot of just a couple of areas which are of particular interest to us:
Loss of wild areas to agriculture is the leading cause of the current mass extinction of wildlife. While meat and dairy provide just 18% of calories and 37% of protein, it uses the vast majority – 83% – of farmland and produces 60% of agriculture’s greenhouse gas emissions. Finding a viable - and palatable - alternative to meat could therefore have huge implications for tackling scarcity of resources and reducing our impact on the planet.
Clean meat, also known as ‘clean protein’, ‘cultured meat’, and ‘lab-grown meat’, is meat grown from real animal cells through a process known as cellular agriculture. It eliminates the need to breed, raise, and slaughter animals for food en-masse, reducing the heavy environmental impact of factory farming.
Precision agriculture encapsulates everything that makes the practice of farming more accurate and controlled when it comes to the growing of crops and raising livestock. A key component of this farm management approach is the use of information technology and a wide array of items such as GPS guidance, control systems, sensors, robotics, drones, autonomous vehicles, variable rate technology, GPS-based soil sampling, automated hardware, telematics, and software.
The primary aim of precision agriculture is to ensure profitability, efficiency, and sustainability while protecting the environment. This is achieved by using the big data gathered by this technology to guide both immediate and future decisions on everything from where in the field to plant a particular crop, to when it’s best to apply chemical, fertilizer or seed.